Gum disease (also known as periodontal disease) is a serious inflammatory infection that attacks the gum tissues which surround and support your teeth. There are many factors which contribute to the development of this condition — including diabetes, hereditary predisposition, tobacco use, and poor nutrition — but the most common cause is poor oral hygiene. The infection often develops when the plaque and tartar that collect on teeth extend under the gumline and irritate the tissues there.
Gum disease typically occurs in multiple stages, which may include some of the following:
- Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage of gum disease and is characterized by red, tender, swollen gums that may bleed when you brush your teeth. Periodontal disease is very easy to reverse at this point. Treatment typically requires a dental cleaning at Precision Periodontics & Dental Implants and the maintenance of excellent oral hygiene afterwards.
- Periodontitis: This is the more advanced stage of gum disease, and some of its effects are not so easy to repair. Your gums may recede, which can cause one or more teeth to become loose. Additionally, gum recession can cause periodontal pockets to develop and trap food, which can contribute to bad breath. We encourage patients to visit our periodontists so they can create a personalized treatment plan.
- Advanced Periodontitis: This very serious stage of gum disease can cause rapid gum and bone tissue destruction. As a result, you may lose teeth since the tissues keeping them in place are no longer present. You may also be subject to an increased risk for serious health problems like cardiovascular disease, respiratory infections, and diabetes complications.
Periodontal disease can cause many problems to your oral and overall health, but Dr. Ryan Mendro, Dr. Lucia Roca Mendro and Dr. Natalia Besada can help you if you visit them for gum disease treatment in Winter Garden, Florida.